Reading Active Directory users

In case I join the MBWE to my domain, through the setting under Network, will I be able to read the users of the Active Directory and set folder permissions accordingly?

Thank you

I have just sent an email to tech support regarding this:

I want to share files and folders  on my WD MYBOOK similar to a local NTFS Volume using my AD Users & Security Groups.  Can this be done? 

If not, what steps do I have to take so that I can as close as possible implement this configuration?